首页 商业秘密侵权调查 软件著作权侵权 不正当竞争 尽职调查 法律百科 联系方式
QQ联系
电话联系
手机联系
QQ联系
电话联系
手机联系

与标准相关的专利的撰写和申请

发布时间:2020-08-11 09:01
所属栏目:法律学堂
浏览次数:
Navigating Patent Drafting And Prosecution Of Standards-Related Technologies
29 July 2020 | Oblon, McClelland, Maier & Neustadt, L.L.P -Anna Z. Lloyd
"The collaboration and efficiency achieved by standards and the SDOs that create them advance the state of technology and business. However, this same collaboration creates crowded innovation spaces in which competitors are simultaneously innovating to solve the same problem."
As far back as the Roman Empire, standardization has improved the efficiency of human endeavors. In the present day, as high-bandwidth communication and Internet of Things (IoT) applications expand, standardization continues to be key in advancing new technologies. From the standpoint of protecting intellectual property, however, the collaboration required to standardize a technology presents unique challenges, as industry competitors disclose and assess various options for the standard.
Standard Development Organizations (SDOs), each directed to a particular technical area, adopt standards that allow devices to communicate with each other and process information consistently. Notable examples of such SDOs are Advanced Television Systems Committee (responsible for the ATSC 3.0 standard), 3rd Generation Partnership Project (responsible for the 5G standard), International Telecommunication Union (responsible for the HEVC and H.265), and Zigbee Alliance.
Technical experts representing companies or trade associations in an SDO may submit proposals for consideration and adoption. However, such proposals may include patentable solutions invented within the submitting organizations. By virtue of submitting such proposals for consideration, the solutions could be considered publicly disclosed – or, at the very least, disclosed to industry competitors.

Patent Drafting and Prosecution Considerations for SDO Participants

It is prudent for companies participating in an SDO to create internal procedures ensuring that innovations made in the course of their participation are fully protected. The First Inventor to File provision of the American Invents Act (AIA) increases the importance of filing relevant applications prior to submitting a proposal to an SDO, since an earlier time of invention alone may not be sufficient to secure patent rights. If there is not enough time prior to submitting a proposal to the SDO in order to draft a full application, a provisional application in raw form can be filed to secure the filing date.
Drafters of patent applications involving technologies proposed to SDOs should work closely with the participating experts, in order to anticipate possible variations or changes to the proposal. Upon drafting a full patent application, care should be taken to consider and disclose all conceivable embodiments of the invention, as well as possible implementations. A broad, comprehensive disclosure will allow for claims and continuation applications directed not only to the initial SDO proposal, but also to any changes introduced prior to adoption. In addition, a more thorough disclosure can address optimal implementations related to the standard.
Collaboration with experts participating in the SDO can also assist in understanding other possible approaches proposed by competitors. Because of the narrow focus of many technical problems addressed by SDO working groups, and because members are likely to pursue patents directed to their competing approaches, filings of members working on the same problem are likely to be used as prior art against one another. Whenever such competing approaches are mutually exclusive, it can be helpful to discuss them in the patent application, in order to differentiate how the claimed solution is better, or at least different. During prosecution, affirmative descriptions of such differences can support arguments directed to the criticality of various features of the claimed solution. It is also important for prosecuting counsel to keep abreast of the latest versions of the standard, in order to maintain claim correspondence. Such efforts are facilitated by a broadly drafted disclosure that considers alternative embodiments and implementations, which may be relied upon to craft optimal claim scope.

Patent Drafting and Prosecution Considerations for Standard Stakeholders

Patent applicants not participating in SDOs are nonetheless affected by adopted standards. Such applicants are likewise well-served by closely monitoring the changing standard landscape and mindfully drafting and prosecuting applications to maintain options for amendment and continuation applications. Many SDOs maintain email lists open to the public and online repositories of technical documents. On the one hand, such tools increase the chances of public disclosure of innovations proposed by SDO members. On the other hand, availability of internal documents allows all stakeholders in the standardized technology to keep an eye on SDO deliberations, and to steer research and subsequent patent filings in line with standard development.
The collaboration and efficiency achieved by standards and the SDOs that create them advance the state of technology and business. However, this same collaboration creates crowded innovation spaces in which competitors are simultaneously innovating to solve the same problem. Accordingly, the potential actions of SDOs and their member companies should be considered by intellectual property practitioners during patent drafting and prosecution, to ensure the full protection of patent rights for standards-related innovations.

Google翻译:

与标准相关的技术的专利撰写和申请

July 31, 2020 | Fish & Richardson - Michael Autuoro, Veena V. Tripathi, CIPP/US

 

“标准和创建标准的SDO所实现的协作和效率提高了技术和业务的状态。但是,这种相同的协作创建了拥挤的创新空间,竞争对手在其中进行了同时创新以解决相同的问题。”
早在罗马帝国,标准化就提高了人类努力的效率。如今,随着高带宽通信和物联网(IoT)应用程序的扩展,标准化仍是推进新技术的关键。但是,从保护知识产权的角度来看,随着行业竞争对手披露和评估该标准的各种选择,标准化技术所需的协作提出了独特的挑战。
每个都针对特定技术领域的标准开发组织(SDO)采用的标准允许设备相互通信并一致地处理信息。此类SDO的显着示例是高级电视系统委员会(负责ATSC 3.0标准),第三 代合作伙伴计划(负责5G标准),国际电信联盟(负责HEVC和H.265)和Zigbee联盟。
代表SDO中的公司或行业协会的技术专家可以提交提案供审议和采用。但是,此类建议可能包括在提交组织中发明的可申请专利的解决方案。通过提交此类提案进行审议,可以将解决方案视为公开披露的,或者至少是向行业竞争对手披露的。

SDO参与者的专利起草和起诉注意事项

参加SDO的公司应谨慎制定内部程序,以确保其参与过程中所进行的创新得到充分保护。《美国发明法》(AIA)的第一个发明人申请备案条款增加了在向SDO提交提案之前提交相关申请的重要性,因为仅靠更早的发明可能不足以确保专利权。如果在向SDO提交提案以起草完整申请之前没有足够的时间,则可以以原始形式提交临时申请以确保提交日期。
涉及向SDO提出技术的专利申请的起草者应与与会专家密切合作,以期预期该提案可能发生的变化或变更。在起草完整的专利申请时,应注意考虑并公开本发明的所有可能的实施例以及可能的实施方式。广泛,全面的公开内容不仅允许针对最初的SDO提案,还可以针对在采用之前引入的任何更改的权利要求和继续申请。另外,更彻底的公开可以解决与标准有关的最佳实现。
与参与SDO的专家合作也可以帮助理解竞争对手提出的其他可能方法。由于SDO工作组只关注许多技术问题,并且由于成员可能会寻求针对其竞争方法的专利,因此处理同一问题的成员的申请很可能会相互之间作为现有技术使用。每当这种相互竞争的方法相互排斥时,在专利申请中讨论它们是有帮助的,以便区分所要求保护的解决方案如何更好,或者至少是不同的。在起诉期间,对此类差异的肯定性描述可以支持针对所要求保护的解决方案的各个特征的重要性的论点。对于起诉律师来说,保持标准的最新版本也很重要,以保持索赔的一致性。考虑广泛的草拟的公开内容有助于这种努力,该公开内容考虑了可替代的实施例和实施方式,可以依靠这些实施例和实施方式来设计最佳的权利要求范围。

标准利益相关者的专利起草和起诉注意事项

但是,不参与SDO的专利申请人会受到采用标准的影响。通过密切监视不断变化的标准格局并认真起草和起诉申请,以维护修改和继续申请的选择权,这些申请人也得到了很好的服务。许多SDO维护向公众和技术文档在线存储库开放的电子邮件列表。一方面,这样的工具增加了SDO成员提出的创新公开披露的机会。另一方面,内部文件的可用性使标准化技术中的所有利益相关者都可以关注SDO的审议工作,并根据标准制定指导研究和后续专利申请。
标准和创建标准的SDO所实现的协作和效率促进了技术和业务的发展。然而,这种相同的合作创造了拥挤的创新空间,竞争对手在其中同时进行创新以解决相同的问题。因此,知识产权从业人员应在专利起草和起诉过程中考虑SDO及其成员公司的潜在行动,以确保为与标准相关的创新充分保护专利权。

 

 

-End-
Source:https://www.oblon.com/navigating-patent-drafting-and-prosecution-of-standardsrelated-technologies
Each article is copyrighted to their original authors. The news is for informational purposes only and does not provide legal advice.
本文链接:https://www.yesipr.com/baike/ask/0Q110H020.html
版权声明:本站资源均来自互联网,如果侵犯了您的权益请与我们联系,我们将在24小时内删除!谢谢!
标签: 专利